The Cumberland point is one of the most amazing points in the Americas, famous for showcasing the extent of the fluting technique. This new cast was made from the authentic original which was loaned to Occpaleo in 2012 for molding and casting. The original was made in a tan Flint Ridge Chert, and measures 3 and 9/16th inches long. It was found in Adams County, Ohio. It is fully fluted to the tip on one side, and almost to the tip on the other. Not much is known about the culture that goes along with Cumberland, and the dates are often debated as well, although most archaeologists consider the Cumberland to be a late Paleo point with a date around 10 to 10,500 years ago.
Cumberlands are often considered to be an extension of the Clovis Culture, but the reduction strategy for the biface is very different, making this a very mysterious point type. In Clovis technology, the earlier stages of reduction bring the biface to be flat and thin, but the Cumberlands were made to have thick diamond shaped cross sections in order to control an extra long flute. The point was typed by Thomas M.N. Lewis for the Cumberland River Valley where many examples have been found. The range included the valleys of Tennesee, Kentucky, Alabama, and continuing to Ohio. (ex. Richter collection) (COA Howard 2007)(COA Perino 2001)