top of page

The Midland Site/41MD1 holds a very important place in American archaeological history. In 1953, amatuer archaeologist Keith Glassock was exploring the vegetated sand dune draws of the Llano Estacado, south of Midland, TX. He discovered several artifacts on the property of Clarence Scharbauer, that included projectile points and the incomplete skull of a young woman. The site was brought to the attention of archaeologist Fred Wendorf, who conducted excavations from 1954-55, and the site was given attention by the archaeological community for being an early man site. The skull was dated to the Paleoindian period at the time, with some of the dating older than Folsom at 11,000 years ago.   Although the dates are still debated, the sandy areas included projectile points that are associated with Folsoms in technology and stratigraphy. The first one of these points to be typed is shown here, found in Locality 1 of the Midland site in 1953. It is a wonderfully thin point showing excellent workmanship as fine as Folsom flintknappers, without the fluting. It was first thought that these were "unfluted Folsoms" but with subsequent sites found they are now an established type of their own. The point measures 55mm in length and 18 mm width. (cast copyright Occpaleo 2020)

Midland Site Type Point Cast

    bottom of page