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This unique example from the European Paleolithic Gravettian Period(around 22 to 26,000 years ago) is from the excavations at Kostenki 13.  This site was part of the Koystonki-Borshchyovo archaeological complex along the Don River in the Khokholsky District of Russia.  Excavations started as far back as the mid 1800's, and the sites(numbered 1-26 span many archaeological time periods, containing a wealth of stone tools and faunal material such as mammoths.

 Kostenki excavations are most well known from the human remains found,  with a burial covered in red ochre(Kostenki 12/30,000 BP) and another from Kostenki 14(around 35-40,000 BP)

This point represents the shouldered blade point,  which become classic in the later Solutrean period.   It measures 70mm long and 20mm wide.  It was molded and cast here for study reference, on generous loan from the Lowery Collection,  originally deaccessioned 1960 Copenhagen Museum, National Museum of Den(mark: Ex. Collection H. Pageault, Vienna: Ex. Dr. Hermann Meyer, Prehistoric Europe Archives, Germany.  (cast copyright Occpaleo 2021)

Gravettian Shouldered Point Cast

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